Australie: La vie après le boom minier, politique d’austérité [Australia: life after the mining boom: austerity policy]

Le Queux, Stephane, and Burgess, John (2016) Australie: La vie après le boom minier, politique d’austérité [Australia: life after the mining boom: austerity policy]. Chronique Internationale de l'IRES, 154. pp. 61-71.

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Abstract

Comme la Nouvelle-Zélande, l'Australie a bien résisté à la crise économique et financière de 2007-2008 en partie grâce à la solidité de son système bancaire et au dynamisme de l'industrie minière soutenu par la croissance chinoise. Par prudence, anticipation ou mimétisme vis-à-vis de leurs homologues du G20, les Travaillistes alors au pouvoir ont décidé de mener une politique de relance économique dès octobre 2008 suivie d'une injection financière incluant un soutien direct aux particuliers en février 2009 (Le Queux, Waring, 2010). Ces dépenses entraînent un déficit public, donnant aux Libéraux l'occasion de remporter les élections de 2013 sur la base d'un programme promettant le retour à l'équilibre budgétaire. L'austérité deviendra ainsi la ligne directrice de la politique économique de la coalition libérale-nationale menée par Tony Abbott jusqu'à son remplacement par Malcom Turnbull en septembre 2015.

[Australia was largely unaffected by the GFC since much of its trade was with Asia and the economy was bolstered by high commodity prices that supported large scale investment and jobs in mining and mining related industries. A conservative national government was elected in 2013 with an agenda of growth, fiscal consolidation and deregulation. There has been an ongoing campaign to further deregulate employment conditions, and rather than directly legislate the government has resorted to indirect means such as through inquiries by economic agencies to improve workplace efficiency. However, assaults on unions and collective activity are ongoing, especially in sectors such as construction that traditionally have high levels of unionisation and direct industrial activity. National and State conservative governments have continued to attack the conditions and employment in the public sector through job cuts, outsourcing, and privatisation. The Federal conservative government faces a hostile upper house (Senate) that to date has been unwilling to endorse many of the proposed tax and policy programs of the government. As a result the recent period has been one of political uncertainty and one where the government has largely been paralysed in terms of delivering any policy programs. There have been positive developments in terms of gender pay equity, regular adjustments to minimum wages and the strengthening of anti-discrimination and EEO provisions in the workplace. The review of the labour market, labour regulation and employment conditions will cover 2013-2015, the term of the current government.]

Item ID: 45693
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1285-087X
Keywords: austerity, Australian, industrial relations
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2016 01:46
FoR Codes: 15 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 1503 Business and Management > 150306 Industrial Relations @ 100%
SEO Codes: 91 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 9104 Management and Productivity > 910401 Industrial Relations @ 100%
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