Both riverine detritus and dissolved nutrients drive lagoon fisheries

Bonthu, Subbareddy, Ganguly, Dipnarayan, Ramachandran, Purvaja, Ramachandran, Ramesh, Pattnaik, Ajit K., and Wolanski, Eric (2016) Both riverine detritus and dissolved nutrients drive lagoon fisheries. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science , 183 (Part B). pp. 360-369.

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Abstract

The net ecosystem metabolism in lagoons has often been estimated from the net budget of dissolved nutrients. Such is the case of the LOICZ estuarine biogeochemistry nutrient budget model that considers riverine dissolved nutrients, but not riverine detritus. However the neglect of detritus can lead to inconsistencies; for instance, it results in an estimate of 5–10 times more seaward export of nutrients than there is import from rivers in Chilika Lagoon, India. To resolve that discrepancy the UNESCO estuarine ecohydrology model, that considers both dissolved nutrients and detritus, was used and, for Chilika Lagoon, it reproduced successfully the spatial distribution of salinity, dissolved nutrients, phytoplankton and zooplankton as well as the fish yield data. Thus the model suggests that the riverine input of both detritus and dissolved nutrients supports the pelagic food web. The model also reproduces well the observation of decreased fish yield when the mouth of the lagoon was choked in the 1990s, demonstrating the importance of the physics that determine the flushing rate of waterborne matter. Thus, both farming in the watershed by driving the nutrient and detritus inputs to the lagoon, and dredging and engineering management of the mouth by controlling the flushing rate of the lagoon, have a major influence on fish stocks in the lagoon.

Item ID: 45596
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1096-0015
Keywords: estuarine food web; detritus; ecosystem model; lagoon; fish stocks
Funders: Government of India
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2016 01:38
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1606 Political Science > 160605 Environmental Politics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960301 Climate Change Adaptation Measures @ 100%
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