Groundwater contamination plume delineation using local singularity mapping technique

Datta, Bithin, Amirabdollahian, Mahsa, Zuo, Renguang, and Prakash, Om (2016) Groundwater contamination plume delineation using local singularity mapping technique. International Journal of GEOMATE, 11 (25). pp. 2435-2441.

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Abstract

The evaluation and remediation of contaminated aquifers require accurate delineation of contamination plumes. Ideally a large number of observed concentration data are required to achieve an accurate delineation of the contamination plume. However, in practice due to the budgetary constraints, the contamination in groundwater resources is detected by limited number of arbitrary located or predesigned contamination monitoring wells. Therefore, a technique is required to estimate the boundaries of the plume using the available sparse observation data. In this work, Local Singularity Mapping Technique is used for plume delineation. The singularity mapping technique is based on the multifractal concept. In fractal geometry a local feature is similar to the whole in terms of shape and structure. Generalized self-similarity is characterized by a power-law relationship. Using this method, singularity indices are estimated for the entire study area using sampled concentration data. According to these indices the mapped area (study area) is classified into subsets including contaminated and clean areas. The boundaries between these two subset areas can be identified as the contamination plume edge. The performance of this method is evaluated in an illustrative contaminated study area to demonstrate the potential applicability of the proposed methodology. The singularity indices can be utilized to locate potential contamination sources as well as plume boundaries. These evaluation results demonstrated that the contamination plumes can be relatively accurately delineated using the fractal geometry.

Item ID: 45522
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2186-2990
Keywords: groundwater contamination, fractal, singularity mapping technique, plume delineation, monitoring
Funders: CRC for Contamination Assessment and Remediation of the Environment (CRC-CARE)
Projects and Grants: CRC-CARE Project No. 5.6.03.09/10 (2.6.03)
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2016 07:45
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090509 Water Resources Engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960999 Land and Water Management of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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