Counting vacancies and nitrogen-vacancy centers in detonation nanodiamond

Chang, Shery L.Y., Barnard, Amanda S., Dwyer, Christian, Boothroyd, Chris B., Hocking, Rosalie K., Ōsawa, Eiji, and Nicholls, Rebecca J. (2016) Counting vacancies and nitrogen-vacancy centers in detonation nanodiamond. Nanoscale, 8 (20). pp. 10548-10552.

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Abstract

Detonation nanodiamond particles (DND) contain highly-stable nitrogen-vacancy (N-V) centers, making it important for quantum-optical and biotechnology applications. However, due to the small particle size, the N-V concentrations are believed to be intrinsically very low, spawning efforts to understand the formation of N-V centers and vacancies, and increase their concentration. Here we show that vacancies in DND can be detected and quantified using simulation-aided electron energy loss spectroscopy. Despite the small particle size, we find that vacancies exist at concentrations of about 1 at%. Based on this experimental finding, we use ab initio calculations to predict that about one fifth of vacancies in DND form N-V centers. The ability to directly detect and quantify vacancies in DND, and predict the corresponding N-V formation probability, has a significant impact to those emerging technologies where higher concentrations and better dispersion of N-V centres are critically required.

Item ID: 45501
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2040-3372
Additional Information:

This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2016 07:31
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0303 Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry > 030302 Nanochemistry and Supramolecular Chemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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