Differential contributions of platelets and fibrinogen to early coagulopathy in a rat model of hemorrhagic shock

Letson, Hayley L., and Dobson, Geoffrey (2016) Differential contributions of platelets and fibrinogen to early coagulopathy in a rat model of hemorrhagic shock. Thrombosis Research, 141. pp. 58-65.

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Background: The mechanisms of early traumatic-induced coagulopathy are not well understood. Our aim was to examine the role of platelets and fibrinogen to early coagulopathy in the rat after hemorrhagic shock.

Methods: Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized and randomly assigned to: 1) Baseline, 2) Hemorrhage or 3) Shock (n = 10 each). Controlled phlebotomy occurred over 20 min and animals were left in shock 60 min. Coagulation was assessed using PT, aPTT, ROTEM and ELISAs.

Results: PT and aPTT increased 5 to 7 times following hemorrhage and shock. Prolongation of EXTEM and INTEM clotting times, lower clot elasticity and increased EXTEM lysis index (LI) indicated a hypocoagulopathy. After 20 min hemorrhage, LI(30-60) in FIBTEM was similar to 100%, EXTEM 83-87% and APTEM 80-82% indicating a platelet contribution to the coagulopathy with no hyperfibrinolysis. After 60 min shock, the situation was reversed with fibrinogen loss being a contributor. This apparent switch from a platelet-to a fibrinogen-based coagulopathy, with fibrinolysis, was supported by >= 15% in maximum lysis (ML), a threefold increase in plasma PAI-1 after hemorrhage, and undetectable levels after shock. Curiously, the relative contribution of fibrinogen/platelet ratio to clot amplitude, determined from FIBTEM/EXTEM A10 ratio (and MCF), remained unchanged at similar to 1:5 for baseline, hemorrhage and shock despite a progressive hypocoagulopathy. Significant increases in P-selectin, acidosis and lactate indicated systemic endothelial damage and tissue hypoperfusion.

Conclusions: Hypocoagulopathy following severe hemorrhage and shock in the rat appeared to involve a two-step process of platelet dysfunction followed by fibrinogen impairment, possibly linked to progressive endothelial dysfunction.

Item ID: 45447
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1879-2472
Keywords: platelets, fibrinogen, coagulopathy, shock, hemorrhage, ROTEM
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2016 07:46
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110202 Haematology @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920199 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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