Double drain electrokinetic stabilization of dredged mud using stainless steel electrodes and application of surcharge

Malekzadeh, M., and Sivakugan, N. (2017) Double drain electrokinetic stabilization of dredged mud using stainless steel electrodes and application of surcharge. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 21 (7). pp. 2615-2621.

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The purpose of this study is to investigate the changes in electric current, physiochemical properties (such as pH, electrical conductivity), and amount of salt content during the process, where stainless steel electrodes are used and the required power consumption is determined. Also, the ongoing settlement of the dredged sediments during the electrokinetic stabilization is also presented herein. This study shows how application of electric current affects the properties of the dredged mud. Electrokinetic stabilization is a method of improving soils by application of electric current to the soil through electrodes that was introduced by Casagrande in 1949. However, due to the complexity and lack of standard design it’s not a preferable option for geotechnical engineers to use. The type of electrodes and the type of drainage changes the efficiency of the method as a result of changes in soil resistivity. In this bench scale laboratory study, electrokinetic stabilisation is carried out in a cylindrical Perspex cell where the effect of stainless steel electrodes along with providing a double drain condition is investigated through changes in settlement, water content, soil resistivity, and the power consumption. As a result it is shown that significant amount of dewatering is achieved. The electrokinetic sedimentation of the dredged mud accelerated up to 20 times faster than self-weight sedimentation. The change of physiochemical properties of the dredged mud shows permanent changes in the soil structure. Placement of cathode at the bottom result in an increase in resistivity of the dredged mud and generation of the cracks near the cathode at the bottom which interrupts the flow of electric current through the soil mass.

Item ID: 45424
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1976-3808
Keywords: electrokinetic stabilization, stainless steel electrodes, electric current, electrochemical changes
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2017 04:01
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400502 Civil geotechnical engineering @ 70%
40 ENGINEERING > 4004 Chemical engineering > 400403 Chemical engineering design @ 30%
SEO Codes: 87 CONSTRUCTION > 8703 Construction Materials Performance and Processes > 870302 Metals (e.g. Composites, Coatings, Bonding) @ 45%
87 CONSTRUCTION > 8702 Construction Design > 870201 Civil Construction Design @ 35%
85 ENERGY > 8505 Renewable Energy > 850504 Solar-Photovoltaic Energy @ 20%
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