Predicting serious complications and high cost of treatment of tooth-knuckle injuries: a systematic literature review

Smith, H.R., Hartman, H., Loveridge, J., and Gunnarsson, R. (2016) Predicting serious complications and high cost of treatment of tooth-knuckle injuries: a systematic literature review. European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 42 (6). pp. 701-710.

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Purpose: The tooth-knuckle injury (TKI) is a serious and potentially costly injury seen in orthopaedic practice. The aim was to conduct a systematic literature review on the factors associated with serious complications and high treatment costs in tooth-knuckle injuries.

Methods: MEDLINE, Scopus and CINAHL were used as the literature sources.

Inclusion criteria: Original research papers that reported on factors predicting serious complications and high treatment costs in TKIs were included. There were no restrictions placed on study size, language, study design or date of publication.

Exclusion criteria: Case studies, case series and review articles were not included.

Results: After duplicates were removed, 403 unique studies remained; after titles and abstracts were screened, 48 titles remained and were retrieved in full text. Of these, 14 titles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the data synthesis. Tenosynovitis, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis and residual stiffness were common serious complications occurring in up to 36.3, 70.0, 47.6 and 65.3 % of cases, respectively. Amputation was also common in up to 18.0 % of injuries. Treatment costs were measured by length of hospital stay and the number of debridements required. On average, patients required 3.8–8 days of admission and 1.3–2.7 debridements each.

Conclusion: Increased time delay from injury to treatment, deeply penetrating injuries, proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) injuries and, possibly, E. corrodens infections were associated with serious complications in TKIs. Delayed treatment, inadequate treatment, PIPJ injuries and deeply penetrating injuries predicted higher treatment costs.

Item ID: 45363
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1863-9941
Keywords: tooth knuckle injury, literature review, prognostic factors
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2016 00:09
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320216 Orthopaedics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920204 Evaluation of Health Outcomes @ 100%
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