Evidence-practice gaps for Australian General Practitioners (GP) in assisting pregnant women to quit

Gould, Gillian, Bonevski, Billie, Watt, Kerrianne, Twyman, Laura, Clarke, Marilyn, Cadet-James, Yvonne, and Atkins, Lou (2015) Evidence-practice gaps for Australian General Practitioners (GP) in assisting pregnant women to quit. In: Abstracts from the Hunter Cancer Research Alliance Annual Symposium 2015 (11), p. 8. From: Hunter Cancer Research Alliance Annual Symposium 2015, 27 November 2015, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.

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Abstract

Background: Smoking prevalence among Indigenous pregnant women is high at 49%. Evidence-based smoking cessation interventions have not been effectively translated into the maternal Indigenous context.

Aims: To explore GPs' knowledge, attitudes and practices of managing smoking in pregnant women.

Methods: A random sample of 500 members of the RACGP National Faculty of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health were invited to an on-line survey. Inclusion criteria were GPs who consult with pregnant women. The response rate was low at 8% (N = 42), however alternative recruitment is ongoing.

Results: One-third of the sample worked in Indigenous organisations; 62% of respondents were women. Most GPs (81%) always asked and gave brief advice about smoking in pregnancy. Less GPs (62%) always provided cessation support, assessed dependence (55%), discussed the psychosocial context of smoking (33%), followed up within 2 weeks (14%); 5% referred to the Quitline. Only 21% always recommended/prescribed nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), despite 93% agreeing that using NRT in pregnancy was safer than smoking; 71% believed NRT was moderately effective, and 69% were confident to prescribe NRT. More GPs in Indigenous organisations, compared to mainstream, agreed that discussing smoking benefits their relationship with pregnant clients (p < 0.05). Discussing psychosocial contexts was positively associated with prescribing NRT (p < 0.05). Only 10% GPs trained in smoking cessation for pregnancy; 83% agreed training was warranted, over two-thirds agreed access to oral NRT should be improved.

Conclusions: Smoking cessation is a high priority for cancer prevention. NRT can be offered to pregnant smokers unable to quit. Low levels of assisted quitting may relate to scarcity of training for pregnancy, and policies governing access. Caution is advised due to small sample size.

Translational research aspect: Training GPs in smoking cessation for pregnant women, and improving NRT access, may progress T2/3 translation of evidence-based methods for smokers in high prevalence groups.

Item ID: 45279
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
Additional Information:

Also published in the Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology, 11. (Suppl. 5) p.8

ISSN: 1743-7555
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2016 02:22
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111701 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111717 Primary Health Care @ 25%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111710 Health Counselling @ 25%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920414 Substance Abuse @ 60%
92 HEALTH > 9203 Indigenous Health > 920303 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Health System Performance (incl. Effectiveness of Interventions) @ 40%
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