The influence of light and tidal exposure on primary production in the tropical seagrass Zostera capricorni and Halophila ovalis

Petrou, Katherina, Jimenez-Denness, Isabel, Chartrand, Katie, Bryant, Catherine, Rasheed, Michael, and Ralph, Peter (2011) The influence of light and tidal exposure on primary production in the tropical seagrass Zostera capricorni and Halophila ovalis. In: 48th Australian Marine Sciences Association annual conference: crossing boundaries: abstracts. p. 113. From: AMSA 2011 Crossing Boundaries: 48th Annual Conference of the Australian Marine Sciences Association, 3–7 July 2011, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia.

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Abstract

The growth, survival and depth penetration of seagrass is directly related to light availability, which drives photosynthesis. The amount of light reaching seagrass beds is highly variable and can be easily disrupted by human activities, such as dredging. Dredging results in increased turbidity and decreased light penetration to the seagrass beds, invariably influencing overall productivity and seagrass health. To better understand seagrass light requirements and resilience to environmental stressors such as dredging requires knowledge on seagrass photophysiology and the impact air exposure during a tidal cycle has on photosynthesis. Oxygen, fluorescence and bio-optical properties were measured over a tidal cycle in seagrass beds of Zostera capricorni and Halophila ovalis in Gladstone Harbour to provide insight into the variability in carbon production in intertidal seagrass meadows. Both species showed an increase in photosynthetic activity with increased irradiance as the tide receded. However, sensitivity to desiccation was observed during air-exposure with a significant decline in photosynthesis irrespective of increased light availability. Understanding the complex dynamics of seagrass photosynthesis over a tidal cycle will help in the mitigation of dredging-related light loss to Gladstone seagrass meadows.

Item ID: 45195
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
ISBN: 978-0-9587185-6-1
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Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2016 00:32
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0607 Plant Biology > 060705 Plant Physiology @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960503 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Coastal and Estuarine Environments @ 100%
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