T cell antigen receptor recognition of antigen-presenting molecules

Rossjohn, Jamie, Gras, Stephanie, Miles, John J., Turner, Stephen J., Godfrey, Dale I., and McCluskey, James (2015) T cell antigen receptor recognition of antigen-presenting molecules. Annual Review of Immunology, 33. pp. 169-200.

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Abstract

The Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) locus encodes classical MHC class I and MHC class II molecules and nonclassical MHC-I molecules. The architecture of these molecules is ideally suited to capture and present an array of peptide antigens (Ags). In addition, the CD1 family members and MR1 are MHC class I-like molecules that bind lipid-based Ags and vitamin B precursors, respectively. These Ag-bound molecules are subsequently recognized by T cell antigen receptors (TCRs) expressed on the surface of T lymphocytes. Structural and associated functional studies have been highly informative in providing insight into these interactions, which are crucial to immunity, and how they can lead to aberrant T cell reactivity. Investigators have determined over thirty unique TCR-peptide-MHC-I complex structures and twenty unique TCR-peptide-MHC-II complex structures. These investigations have shown a broad consensus in docking geometry and provided insight into MHC restriction. Structural studies on TCR-mediated recognition of lipid and metabolite Ags have been mostly confined to TCRs from innate-like natural killer T cells and mucosal-associated invariant T cells, respectively. These studies revealed clear differences between TCR-lipid-CD1, TCR-metabolite-MR1, and TCR-peptide-MHC recognition. Accordingly, TCRs show remarkable structural and biological versatility in engaging different classes of Ag that are presented by polymorphic and monomorphic Ag-presenting molecules of the immune system.

Item ID: 45050
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1545-3278
Keywords: CD1; MR1; T cell antigen receptor; major histocompatibility complex
Funders: National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC), Australian Research Council (ARC), Roche Organ Transplantation Research Fund, Cancer Council of Victoria
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2016 02:53
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110702 Applied Immunology (incl Antibody Engineering, Xenotransplantation and T-cell Therapies) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 100%
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