Pavlovian Conditioning

McConnell, Bridget L., and Miller, Ralph R. (2010) Pavlovian Conditioning. In: Weiner, Irving B., and Craighead, W. Edward, (eds.) The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, USA, pp. 1171-1173.

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[Extract] Pavlovian conditioning, also known as classical conditioning, is a reliable training procedure that results in an organism responding to a stimulus that previously did not evoke a response. It involves pairing an initially innocuous stimulus, such as a light or tone, with another stimulus that naturally provokes a response, such as food or an electrical shock. The previously neutral stimulus comes to control responding and typically evokes the same behavior that the biologically significant stimulus provoked, albeit weaker. Once a stimulus acquires behavioral control, it is known as a conditioned stimulus (CS) because it required conditioning, or training, to elicit the behavioral response that the unconditioned stimulus (US) naturally evokes. The innate reaction to the US is called the unconditioned response (UR), and the acquired response to the CS is called a conditioned response (CR).

Item ID: 44870
Item Type: Book Chapter (Reference)
ISBN: 978-0-470-17024-3
Keywords: Pavlovian conditioning
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2016 22:52
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1799 Other Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 100%
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