Solar photochemical synthesis: from the beginnings of organic photochemistry to the solar manufacturing of commodity chemicals

Oelgemöller, Michael (2016) Solar photochemical synthesis: from the beginnings of organic photochemistry to the solar manufacturing of commodity chemicals. Chemical Reviews, 116. pp. 9664-9682.

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Abstract

Natural sunlight offers a cost-efficient and sustainable energy source for photochemical reactions. In contrast to the lengthy and small-scale "flask in the sun" procedures of the past, modern solar concentrator systems nowadays significantly shorten reaction times and enable technical-scale operations. After a brief historical introduction, this review presents the most important solar reactor types and their successful application in preparative solar syntheses. The examples demonstrate that solar manufacturing of fine chemicals is technically feasible and environmentally sustainable. After over 100 years, Ciamician's prophetic vision of "the photochemistry of the future" as a clean and green manufacturing methodology has yet to be realized. At the same time, his warning "for nature is not in a hurry but mankind is" is still valid today. It is hoped that this review will lead to a renewed interest in this truly enlightening technology, that it will stimulate photochemists and photochemical engineers to "go back to the roots onto the roofs" and that it will ultimately result in industrial applications in the foreseeable future.

Item ID: 44703
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1520-6890
Keywords: solar chemistry; solar reactors; solar manufacturing; organic photochemistry
Funders: Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology (IRCSET), Irish Environmental Protection Agency (STRIVE), James Cook University (JCU), Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine (AITHM), Queensland Department of Employment, Economic Development & Innovation (DEEDI)
Projects and Grants: JCU Faculty Grants Scheme 2009 and 2011, AITHM Development Grant 2012, DEEDI Proof of Concept Grant 2012
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2016 23:10
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030503 Organic Chemical Synthesis @ 40%
03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030504 Organic Green Chemistry @ 40%
03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030505 Physical Organic Chemistry @ 20%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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