Women who miscarry: the effectiveness and clinical utility of the Kessler 10 questionnaire in screening for ongoing psychological distress

Stallman, Helen M., McDermott, Brett M., Beckman, Michael M., Wilson, M. Kay, and Adam, Kareen (2010) Women who miscarry: the effectiveness and clinical utility of the Kessler 10 questionnaire in screening for ongoing psychological distress. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 50 (1). pp. 70-76.

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Background: Early pregnancy loss has been linked to enduring psychological morbidity.

Aims: This study aimed to investigate the utility of the Kessler 10 (K10) questionnaire as a brief screening instrument to identify women at risk for the development of psychiatric diagnoses three months post-miscarriage.

Method: Participants were 117 consecutive women presenting at a public hospital emergency department and receiving a diagnosis of miscarriage.

Main Outcome Measures: K10 screen for psychological distress and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders to determine psychiatric diagnoses.

Results: A majority of women (81.2%) experienced elevated levels of distress initially, 24.8% in the very high range. They were not at increased risk of psychiatric diagnoses at three months compared with the general population; however, they were significantly more likely to report subsyndromal symptoms at this time compared with the general population. The baseline K10 score was the only significant predictor of distress at follow-up (r = 0.45, P < 0.001). The receiver operating characteristic curve shows that a cut-off of 14 on the K10 has suitable sensitivity (97%) and specificity (82%) for predicting ongoing psychological distress in women who miscarry.

Conclusions: The K10 is effective in identifying women at risk for ensuring psychological symptoms following miscarriage.

Item ID: 44566
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1479-828X
Keywords: early pregnancy loss, mental health, miscarriage, psychological distress, screening
Funders: Mater Mothers' Research Grant
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2016 04:00
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine > 111402 Obstetrics and Gynaecology @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920111 Nervous System and Disorders @ 100%
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