Land use planning for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation: operationalizing policy and legislation at local levels

King, David, Gurtner, Yetta, Firdaus, Agung, Harwood, Sharon, and Cottrell, Alison (2016) Land use planning for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation: operationalizing policy and legislation at local levels. International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, 7 (2). pp. 158-172.

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Abstract

Purpose: The Hyogo Framework for Action focussed disaster risk reduction (DRR) on land-use planning, with international agencies, research organisations and national governments recognising the importance of DRR through hazard informed land-use planning. This paper aims to examine the roles of planners in reducing hazard risk through settlement design, land-use plans and legislation, and identify shortcomings and constraints towards achieving Disaster Risk Reduction.

Design/methodology/approach: The paper uses community-based research from Australia, Thailand and Indonesia to discuss land-use planning in local governance frameworks following major disasters, including cyclone, flood and tsunami.

Findings: This paper shows that land-use planning systems are still primarily geared toward promoting and facilitating development and have not evolved sufficiently to take account of DRR and climate change.

Social implications: Land-use planning frameworks for hazard-resilient communities remain disconnected from the emergency management and disaster risk reduction systems. The goal to create disaster-resilient communities through the land-use planning systems requires a fundamental change to the way in which planning is conceptualised and practised. Social equity is also a huge issue where investment focuses on urban development.

Originality/value: The study contributes to an understanding of the opportunities and constraints for land-use planning to enhance climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction through legislation, policies, regional and local statutory planning schemes, enforceable planning and development controls and building codes.

Item ID: 44315
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Land use planning; disaster risk reduction; climate change adaptation; policy and legislation
Additional Information:

An earlier version of this paper contributed toward the following report:

King, David, Harwood, Sharon, Cottrell, Alison, Gurtner, Yetta, and Firdaus, Agung (2013) Land Use Planning For Disaster Risk Reduction And Climate Change Adaptation: Operationalizing Policy And Legislation At Local Levels (Input Paper Submitted for GAR 2015). Report. The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction UNISDR, Geneva.

See the Related URLs field for a link to the open access Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction to which the above report contributes.

Related URLs:
ISSN: 1759-5916
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2016 01:08
FoR Codes: 12 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 1205 Urban and Regional Planning > 120504 Land Use and Environmental Planning @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960301 Climate Change Adaptation Measures @ 20%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9610 Natural Hazards > 961010 Natural Hazards in Urban and Industrial Environments @ 40%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960799 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards not elsewhere classified @ 40%
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