Postactivation potentiation of dynamic conditioning contractions on rowing sprint performance

Doma, Kenji, Sinclair, Wade H., Hervert, Sarah R., and Leicht, Anthony S. (2016) Postactivation potentiation of dynamic conditioning contractions on rowing sprint performance. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19 (11). pp. 951-956.

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Abstract

Objectives: This study examined the post-activation potentiation effects of maximal dynamic contractions and gender on rowing sprint ability.

Design: Repeated measures.

Methods: Thirty four male (n = 17) and female (n = 17) university students with experience in rowing took part in this study conducted across three weeks. Following familiarisation of the 10-second maximal rowing performance test on a rowing ergometer during Week 1, participants were randomly allocated to either complete a control or experimental session during Week 2 and 3. One rowing performance test was conducted during the control session whilst two rowing performance tests were conducted during the experimental session separated by 6-minutes. The first rowing performance test during the experimental session was used to: 1) compare measures with the control session to assess day-to-day repeatability; and 2) induce post-activation potentiation effects for the second rowing performance test.

Results: Based on effect size calculations, results showed moderate-large increases for average power output (+2.5%), peak power output (+1.5%) and power output during first stroke (+0.79%).

Conclusions: Maximal dynamic contractions on a rowing ergometer improved subsequent rowing sprint ability in recreationally experienced male and female rowers. Accordingly, dynamic conditioning contractions on a rowing ergometer may enhance subsequent sprint-start for rowing competition success.

Item ID: 44132
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1878-1861
Keywords: motor activity, exercise movement techniques, exercise test, muscle strength, sprint ability, power output
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2016 04:11
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110601 Biomechanics @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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