Mother's positive attitude and familiarity towards formula milk may contribute to low dietary diversity amongst Indonesia urban young children

Roshita, A., Page, A., Schubert, L., and Whittaker, M. (2013) Mother's positive attitude and familiarity towards formula milk may contribute to low dietary diversity amongst Indonesia urban young children. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 63 (Suppl 1). 0141. p. 228.

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Background and Objectives: Indonesia is one of the countries facing nutrition transition with an increased proportion of the middle-class population. Few studies explored young child feeding practice amongst middle class families in developing countries. This study aims to assess child feeding practices and their associations with child nutritional status in urban area of Indonesia.

Methods: The study was designed as a mixed-method study in an urban middle-class community, comprising of a qualitative study amongst 26 families of young children and a case-control study involving 288 (109 cases and 179 controls) children aged 12-36 months. Cases were mild to moderately underweight children, while controls were normal weight children. The data collection methods consisted of in-depth interview for the qualitative phase and anthropometry measurements, structured interviews pertaining to child feeding practices and 24-hours recall for the quantitative phase.

Results: The qualitative study suggested that mothers appeared to have positive attitude and were familiar with many brands of toddler formula milk. Mothers reported challenges in encouraging their children to eat and relied on formula milk to increase child’s food intake.The results of the case-control study showed that only 10.4% children received six-month exclusive breastfeeding and there was a significantly higher proportion of control than case children who were offered formula milk within their first month of life. Almost all children (91.7%, CI = 87.7 – 94.5) had low dietary diversity (consumed 1-3 food groups) in the last 24 hours. Formula milk was the largest contributor to child’s energy intake amongst the control children.

Conclusions: The low dietary diversity warn potential problems for the health of Indonesian children. A large government strategy on complementary feeding practices including controlling the marketing activities of formula milk need to be enhanced.

Item ID: 43860
Item Type: Article (Abstract)
ISSN: 1421-9697
Keywords: child feeding practices, child nutritional status, Indonesia
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20th International Congress of Nutrition, Granada, September 2013

Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2016 01:40
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics > 111104 Public Nutrition Intervention @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111704 Community Child Health @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920501 Child Health @ 100%
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