Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife: a critical perspective

Tompkins, Daniel M., Carver, Scott, Jones, Menna E., Krkošek, Martin, and Skerratt, Lee F. (2015) Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife: a critical perspective. Trends in Parasitology, 31 (4). pp. 149-159.

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We review the literature to distinguish reports of vertebrate wildlife disease emergence with sufficient evidence, enabling a robust assessment of emergence drivers. For potentially emerging agents that cannot be confirmed, sufficient data on prior absence (or a prior difference in disease dynamics) are frequently lacking. Improved surveillance, particularly for neglected host taxa, geographical regions and infectious agents, would enable more effective management should emergence occur. Exposure to domestic sources of infection and human-assisted exposure to wild sources were identified as the two main drivers of emergence across host taxa; the domestic source was primary for fish while the wild source was primary for other taxa. There was generally insufficient evidence for major roles of other hypothesized drivers of emergence.

Item ID: 43758
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1471-5007
Funders: New Zealand Ministry for Business, Innovation, and Employment, National Science Foundation (NSF), USA, Australian Research Council (ARC), Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
Projects and Grants: NSF-NIH Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Disease EF1413925, ARC DP110103069, ARC DP120100811, ARC LP110200240
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2016 23:23
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070704 Veterinary Epidemiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9604 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species > 960405 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species at Regional or Larger Scales @ 100%
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