Phylogenetic and pathogenic characterization of novel adenoviruses isolated from long-tailed ducks (Clangula hyemalis)

Counihan, Katrina L., Skerratt, Lee F., Franson, J. Christian, and Hollmén, Tuula E. (2015) Phylogenetic and pathogenic characterization of novel adenoviruses isolated from long-tailed ducks (Clangula hyemalis). Virology, 485. pp. 393-401.

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Abstract

Novel adenoviruses were isolated from a long-tailed duck (Clangula hyemalis) mortality event near Prudhoe Bay, Alaska in 2000. The long-tailed duck adenovirus genome was approximately 27 kb. A 907 bp hexon gene segment was used to design primers specific for the long-tailed duck adenovirus. Nineteen isolates were phylogenetically characterized based on portions of their hexon gene and 12 were most closely related to Goose adenovirus A. The remaining 7 shared no hexon sequences with any known adenoviruses. Experimental infections of mallards with a long-tailed duck reference adenovirus caused mild lymphoid infiltration of the intestine and paint brush hemorrhages of the mucosa and dilation of the intestine. This study shows novel adenoviruses from long-tailed ducks are diverse and provides further evidence that they should be considered in cases of morbidity and mortality in sea ducks. Conserved and specific primers have been developed that will help screen sea ducks for adenoviral infections.

Item ID: 43740
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1096-0341
Keywords: avian adenovirus; long-tailed duck; clangula hyemalis; mortality; polymerase chain reaction; enteritis; mallard; anas platyrhynchos; phylogeny; serology
Funders: United States Geological Survey Species at Risk Program, United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)
Projects and Grants: USFWS Avian Health Disease Program F12AP00801
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2016 23:20
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070712 Veterinary Virology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960801 Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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