Gender differences in risk and protective factors: implications in suicide prevention and intervention

Choo, Carol, Harris, Keith, and Ho, Roger (2012) Gender differences in risk and protective factors: implications in suicide prevention and intervention. In: Proceedings of the Suicide Prevention Australia Conference. From: Suicide Prevention Australia Conference, 11-12 October 2012, Sydney .

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Current practices in suicide assessment include the usage of psychological assessment and testing, and clinical interviews with mental status examination and the assessment of suicidal thoughts, intents, plans, lethality of previous attempts, symptoms of mental illness, hopelessness and willingness to live. Understanding the social, psychological and physical factors that influence a person to suicide are important in the assessment and management of suicidal clients. A critical review of recent literature reveals limitations in the prediction of suicide using risk factors. This study explores the prediction of lethality measures for suicide attempts in Singapore. Medical records of 666 suicide attempters who were admitted to a teaching hospital in Singapore in January 2004 - December 2006 were studied. In this sample, 69.2% were female, 30.8% were male; 63.8% were Chinese, 15.8% were Indian, 15.0 % were Malay and 5.4% were Eurasian. When the predictors of risk and protective factors and features of the attempt were subjected into regression analysis, it was found that suicide intent was consistently an important predictor for perceived lethality and medical lethality. Opportunity for rescue was the strongest predictor for medical lethality. Sex differences are highlighted. The findings have implications in the assessment of suicidal clients.

Item ID: 43482
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
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Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2016 21:59
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920209 Mental Health Services @ 100%
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