The role of social sciences in One Health: reciprocal benefits

Whittaker, Maxine (2015) The role of social sciences in One Health: reciprocal benefits. In: Zinsstag, Jakob, Schelling, Esther, Waltner-Toews, David, Whittaker, Maxine, and Tanner, Marcel, (eds.) One Health: the theory and practice of integrated health approaches. CABI International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 60-72.

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Abstract

This chapter will discuss the role of social sciences in understanding individual and community perspectives of health and illness in animals and humans. Social science s the 'study of society and the manner people behave and impact on the world around them' (International Health Group, 2007). It encompasses a range of scholarly or scientific disciplines such as sociology, psychology, anthropology, economics, political science and history. These perspectives, and the social, economic and cultural determinants of people's lives and ability to take action, affect health-seeking behaviour and capacity to utilize preventative measures for human and animal health. The complex relationships between animals, humans and the environment, how people may perceive risk, and their ability to respond to risks and to health promotion will be explored. The chapter will briefly describe some social science approaches to collect data on social, cultural and community perspectives of infectious diseases, risks and strategies. Key points will be illustrated with examples from Africa, Asia, Australia and the Pacific. In this chapter I discuss both broadening of the One Health approach by exploring the role of adding in social science perspectives and expanding the social science frameworks used in exploring the various aspects of the human animal-non-human animal-environment-health interactions. This expanded approach adds further value to social sciences' contribution to One Health and One Health's contribution to social science.

Item ID: 43455
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-1-78064-341-0
Keywords: One Health, communicable diseases, public health practice, social sciences
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Date Deposited: 16 May 2016 01:06
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 40%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070799 Veterinary Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 60%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health @ 60%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences @ 20%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences @ 20%
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