Sustainable life cycles of natural-precursor-derived nanocarbons

Bazaka, Kateryna, Jacob, Mohan V., and Ostrikov, Kostya (Ken) (2016) Sustainable life cycles of natural-precursor-derived nanocarbons. Chemical Reviews, 116 (1). pp. 163-214.

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Sustainable societal and economic development relies on novel nanotechnologies that offer maximum efficiency at minimal environmental cost. Yet, it is very challenging to apply green chemistry approaches across the entire life cycle of nanotech products, from design and nanomaterial synthesis to utilization and disposal. Recently, novel, efficient methods based on nonequilibrium reactive plasma chemistries that minimize the process steps and dramatically reduce the use of expensive and hazardous reagents have been applied to low-cost natural and waste sources to produce value-added nanomaterials with a wide range of applications. This review discusses the distinctive effects of nonequilibrium reactive chemistries and how these effects can aid and advance the integration of sustainable chemistry into each stage of nanotech product life. Examples of the use of enabling plasma-based technologies in sustainable production and degradation of nanotech products are discussed from selection of precursors derived from natural resources and their conversion into functional building units, to methods for green synthesis of useful naturally degradable carbon-based nanomaterials, to device operation and eventual disintegration into naturally degradable yet potentially reusable byproducts.

Item ID: 43344
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1520-6890
Additional Information:

This is an open access article published under an ACS AuthorChoice License, which permits copying and redistribution of the article or any adaptations for non-commercial purposes.

Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC DE130101550, ARC FT100100303, DP160103116
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2016 07:33
FoR Codes: 34 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 3403 Macromolecular and materials chemistry > 340303 Nanochemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8606 Industrial Chemicals and Related Products > 860699 Industrial Chemicals and Related Products not elsewhere classified @ 50%
85 ENERGY > 8598 Environmentally Sustainable Energy Activities > 859899 Environmentally Sustainable Energy Activities not elsewhere classified @ 50%
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