Global marine protected areas do not secure the evolutionary history of tropical corals and fishes

Mouillot, D., Parravicini, V., Bellwood, D.R., Leprieur, F., Huang, D., Cowman, P.F., Albouy, C., Hughes, T.P., Thuiller, W., and Guilhaumon, F. (2016) Global marine protected areas do not secure the evolutionary history of tropical corals and fishes. Nature Communications, 7. pp. 1-8.

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Abstract

Although coral reefs support the largest concentrations of marine biodiversity worldwide, the extent to which the global system of marine-protected areas (MPAs) represents individual species and the breadth of evolutionary history across the Tree of Life has never been quantified. Here we show that only 5.7% of scleractinian coral species and 21.7% of labrid fish species reach the minimum protection target of 10% of their geographic ranges within MPAs. We also estimate that the current global MPA system secures only 1.7% of the Tree of Life for corals, and 17.6% for fishes. Regionally, the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific show the greatest deficit of protection for corals while for fishes this deficit is located primarily in the Western Indian Ocean and in the Central Pacific. Our results call for a global coordinated expansion of current conservation efforts to fully secure the Tree of Life on coral reefs.

Item ID: 43334
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
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ISSN: 2041-1723
Funders: National University of Singapore (NUS)
Projects and Grants: NUS Start-up grant R-154-000-671-133
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2016 07:30
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960701 Coastal and Marine Management Policy @ 100%
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