Exploring the effect of the Ln(ᴵᴵᴵ)/Ln(ᴵᴵ) redox potential on C-F activation and on oxidation of some lanthanoid organoamides

Deacon, Glen B., Junk, Peter C., Kelly, Rory P., and Wang, Jun (2016) Exploring the effect of the Ln(ᴵᴵᴵ)/Ln(ᴵᴵ) redox potential on C-F activation and on oxidation of some lanthanoid organoamides. Dalton Transactions, 45 (4). pp. 1422-1435.

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Abstract

The divalent europium complexes, [Eu(Lᴹᵉ/ᴱᵗ)₂(thf)₂] and [Eu(Lᴱᵗ)₂(dme)] (Lᴹᵉ/ᴱᵗ = p-HC₆F₄N(CH₂)₂NMe₂/Et₂), have been prepared from redox-transmetallation/protolysis (RTP) reactions between Eu metal, Hg(C₆F₅)₂ and Lᴹᵉ/ᴱᵗH in thf. The complexes exhibit close (C)F–Ln interactions and the amide ligands feature tridentate N,N',F chelation. The complexes are thermally robust but on exposure to light they undergo C–F activation. From exposure of [Eu(Lᴱᵗ)₂(thf)₂] to light, the Euᴵᴵᴵ mixed fluoride/oxide cluster, [Eu₄(Lᴱᵗ)₆F₂O₂] was isolated, but other well-defined C–F activation products have proven elusive due to the stability of Euᴵᴵ. Oxidation of [Ln(Lᴿ)₂(thf)₂] (Ln = Eu, R = Me; Ln = Yb, R = Et) with I₂ afforded the heteroleptic iodo complexes, [Ln(Lᴿ)₂I(thf)n] (Ln = Eu, n = 1; Ln = Yb, n = 0), and the homoleptic complexes, [Ln(Lᴿ)₃]. The formation of the iodo complexes and the heteroleptic complexes appear to occur by different routes. [Yb(Lᴱᵗ)₃] shows interesting structural differences from reported [Ln(Lᴱᵗ)₃] (Ln = La, Ce, Nd) complexes, and highlights an incomplete shift towards N,N′ chelation to the much smaller Yb ion. [Sm(Lᴹᵉ)₃] was prepared from a protolysis reaction between [Sm(CH₂C₆H₄-NMe₂-o)₃] and LᴹᵉH. Heating a solution of [Sm(Lᴹᵉ)₃] in toluene at 110 °C for three days did not afford any samarium fluoride complex. An RTP reaction with Sm afforded the heteroleptic samarium complex, [Sm(LMe)₂F]₃, in very low yield. From an attempted protolysis reaction between [Sm(DippForm)₂(thf)₂] and LᴹᵉH, the mixed ligand samarium fluoride complex, [Sm(DippForm)(Lᴹᵉ)F]₂, was isolated. Overall, the instability of Smᴵᴵ precludes control over the C–F activation reactions.

Item ID: 43330
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1477-9234
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC DP130100152
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2016 07:43
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030202 f-Block Chemistry @ 80%
03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030206 Solid State Chemistry @ 20%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 90%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970101 Expanding Knowledge in the Mathematical Sciences @ 10%
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