Ceasefire: minimal aggression among Murray River crayfish feeding upon patches of allochthonous material

Starrs, Danswell, Ebner, Brendan C., and Fulton, Christopher J. (2015) Ceasefire: minimal aggression among Murray River crayfish feeding upon patches of allochthonous material. Australian Journal of Zoology, 63 (2). pp. 115-121.

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Abstract

Transport and processing of allochthonous material is crucial for trophic pathways in headwater streams. Freshwater crayfish are known to affect and exploit the break-down of in-stream terrestrial plant material into detritus. We recorded Euastacus armatus (Murray River crayfish) individuals feeding on discrete patches of allochthonous material within an unregulated section of the Goodradigbee River, an upland stream in temperate Australia. Despite suggestions of aggressive territoriality, E. armatus were observed by remote and manual underwater filming to feed in non-aggressive aggregations on these piles of fine woody debris and leaf litter. On the basis of observations of 25 individuals found in the vicinity of the allochthonous patches, this population comprised mostly female individuals at smaller sizes of maturity than has been recorded for lowland populations of E. armatus. Our study confirms the importance of concentrated allochthonous food patches for detritivores, and points to the important trophic linkage between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems via a widespread and iconic freshwater invertebrate. Moreover, these non-aggressive feeding aggregations of E. armatus challenge notions of aggression in this species that have been developed in small-scale aquarium studies.

Item ID: 42935
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: aggression, communal feeding, detritivory, eddies, flow, underwater video.
ISSN: 1446-5698
Funders: ACTEW Corporation, Australian National University, Australian Rivers Institute, Tropical Landscapes Joint Venture
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2016 00:45
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060204 Freshwater Ecology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960807 Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 80%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960909 Mountain and High Country Land and Water Management @ 20%
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