Mutating the anchor residues associated with MHC binding inhibits and deviates CD8+ T cell mediated protective immunity against malaria

Dobaño, C., McTague, A., Sette, A., Hoffman, S.L., Rogers, W.O., and Doolan, D.L. (2007) Mutating the anchor residues associated with MHC binding inhibits and deviates CD8+ T cell mediated protective immunity against malaria. Molecular Immunology, 44 (9). pp. 2235-2248.

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e investigated whether immune responses induced by immunization with plasmid DNA are restricted predominantly to immunodominant CD8+ T cell epitopes, or are raised against a breadth of epitopes including subdominant CD8+ and CD4+ T cell epitopes. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to change one or more primary anchor residues of the immunodominant CD8+ T cell epitope on the Plasmodium yoelii circumsporozoite protein, and in vivo protective efficacy and immune responses against defined PyCSP CD8+ and/or CD4+ epitopes were determined. Mutation of the P2 but not P9 or P10 anchor residues decreased protection and completely abrogated the antigen-specific CD8+ CTL activity and CD8+ dependent IFN-γ responses to the immunodominant CD8+ epitope and overlapping CD8+/CD4+ epitope. Moreover, mutation deviated the immune response towards a CD4+ T cell IFN-γ dependent profile, with enhanced lymphoproliferative responses to the immunodominant and subdominant CD4+ epitopes and enhanced antibody responses. Responses to the subdominant CD8+ epitope were not induced. Our data demonstrate that protective immunity induced by PyCSP DNA vaccination is directed predominantly against the single immunodominant CD8+ epitope, and that although responses can be induced against other epitopes, these are mediated by CD4+ T cells and are not capable of conferring optimal protection against challenge.

Item ID: 42743
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-9142
Keywords: malaria; circumsporozoite protein; protective immunity; MHC binding; T cells; immune deviation
Funders: United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC), Naval Medical Research Centre (NMRC)
Projects and Grants: USAMRMC 61102A.00101.BFX, USAMRMC 61102A.S13.F.A0009, USAMRMC 6000.RAD1.F.A0309
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2016 06:09
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110799 Immunology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 100%
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