Regime shifts and resilience in China's coastal ecosystems

Zhang, Ke (2016) Regime shifts and resilience in China's coastal ecosystems. Ambio, 45 (1). pp. 89-98.

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Regime shift often results in large, abrupt, and persistent changes in the provision of ecosystem services and can therefore have significant impacts on human wellbeing. Understanding regime shifts has profound implications for ecosystem recovery and management. China's coastal ecosystems have experienced substantial deterioration within the past decades, at a scale and speed the world has never seen before. Yet, information about this coastal ecosystem change from a dynamics perspective is quite limited. In this review, I synthesize existing information on coastal ecosystem regime shifts in China and discuss their interactions and cascading effects. The accumulation of regime shifts in China's coastal ecosystems suggests that the desired system resilience has been profoundly eroded, increasing the potential of abrupt shifts to undesirable states at a larger scale, especially given multiple escalating pressures. Policy and management strategies need to incorporate resilience approaches in order to cope with future challenges and avoid major losses in China's coastal ecosystem services.

Item ID: 42663
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1654-7209
Keywords: Ecosystem services, Climate change, Tipping point, Social-ecological systems, Fisheries
Funders: Australian Research Council's Centre of Excellence Discovery Program (ARC-CEDP)
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2016 07:36
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960903 Coastal and Estuarine Water Management @ 100%
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