Phylogenetic community structure when competition and environmental filtering determine abundances

Freilich, Mara A., and Connolly, Sean R. (2015) Phylogenetic community structure when competition and environmental filtering determine abundances. Global Ecology and Biogeography , 24 (12). pp. 1390-1400.

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Abstract

Aim: Ecologists have long been concerned with understanding how local communities are assembled from the pool of species present in the broader biogeographical region. Although there has been considerable interest in the use of measures of species relatedness as tools to detect community assembly process, empirical and simulation studies have produced mixed results on the effectiveness of the technique. Here, we ask how well the most commonly used metrics of such community phylogenetic patterns detect the operation of filtering and competition in simulated communities where filtering and competition determine species abundances as well as co-occurrence patterns.

Location: Simulated local communities assembled from a simulated regional species pool.

Methods: We simulate the evolution of niche traits for a regional species pool on a phylogeny, and then simulate the assembly of a local community from this regional species pool using a Lotka–Volterra model. We then test whether the net relatedness index (NRI) or the nearest taxon index (NTI) can detect the assembly process. We compare the performance of abundance-weighted (NRIAW and NTIAW) and occurrence-based (NRIO and NTIO) versions of the metrics along a gradient of local community size as a percentage of the regional pool.

Results: We find that abundance weighting can substantially increase the power to detect assembly processes. Moreover, clustering and over-dispersion are, in fact, most detectable when assembly processes act mainly on abundance rather than occurrence. Where they differed, NTIAW tended to outperform NRIAW at detecting limiting-similarity competition. NRIAW outperformed NTIAW at detecting filtering except when filtering was very strong compared with limiting-similarity competition.

Main conclusions: Our findings imply that phylogenetic information is more likely to yield information about community assembly when abundance information is incorporated, and local communities contain a relatively large fraction of the regional species pool.

Item ID: 42401
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1466-8238
Keywords: community assembly, environmental filtering, limiting similarity, nearest taxon index, net relatedness index, phylogenetic community structure
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2016 14:25
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060202 Community Ecology (excl Invasive Species Ecology) @ 55%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060302 Biogeography and Phylogeography @ 45%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960805 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales @ 100%
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