Community health workers as chronic care coordinators: evaluation of an Australian Indigenous primary health care program

Schmidt, Barbara, Campbell, Sandy, and McDermott, Robyn (2016) Community health workers as chronic care coordinators: evaluation of an Australian Indigenous primary health care program. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 40 (S1). S107-S114.

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Abstract

Objectives: To explore how a client-centred Chronic Care model was implemented by Indigenous Health Workers (IHWs) at participating sites in a trial of IHW-led case management. To understand the experiences of engaging with the model from the perspective of the IHWs, health team members and clients.

Methods: The review was conducted within a cluster randomised trial of the model in six remote Indigenous communities in north Queensland over 18 months. Content analysis was undertaken on 377 project records of health worker activity. Descriptive coding was used to classify issues that were grouped under key themes. Open-ended interviews were conducted with 21 stakeholders and analysed using the key themes.

Results: Implementation of all elements of the intervention was not achieved. Key themes identified that describe the issues affecting the IHWs' capacity to implement the model were: service management, training, client engagement, clarification of IHW role and infrastructure.

Conclusions: Placing skilled and dedicated IHWs to improve care coordination is insufficient to improve chronic disease outcomes. A supportive and systematic service delivery system is also required.

Implications: The PHC model in remote Indigenous communities needs to be re-oriented to actively support the unique contributions of IHWs to chronic care coordination.

Item ID: 42353
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1753-6405
Keywords: chronic care coordination, Indigenous Health Workers, diabetes, primary health care
Additional Information:

© 2015 The Authors.

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2016 06:07
FoR Codes: 45 INDIGENOUS STUDIES > 4504 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and wellbeing > 450409 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health services @ 50%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4203 Health services and systems > 420305 Health and community services @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920205 Health Education and Promotion @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9203 Indigenous Health > 920302 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Health Status and Outcomes @ 50%
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