Towards a semantic map for intensifying particles: evidence from Avar

Forker, Diana (2015) Towards a semantic map for intensifying particles: evidence from Avar. STUF - Language Typology and Universals, 68 (4). 3. pp. 485-513.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website:


In this paper I examine the multifunctional enclitic =go in the Nakh-Daghestanian language Avar. By means of a semantic map I show that its central function is the expression of emphasis and/or contrast. Other uses are the expression of identity, scalar additivity, reflexivity (including local and long-distance reflexives, emphatic reflexive uses), the marking of indefinite pronouns and adverbs, and the derivation of cardinal numerals and converbs. The paper also advances a hypothesis about the origin of =go and argues that it goes back to the copula -ugo. The use of the copula in cleft constructions gave rise to the emphatic/contrastive function, and all other uses can be viewed as extension of this function.

Item ID: 42220
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2196-7148
Keywords: intensifiers, emphasis, contrast, identity, reflexivity, semantic map, Avar, Nakh-Daghestanian
Funders: Humboldt Foundation
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2016 23:45
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 6
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page