The global burden of injury: incidence, mortality, disability-adjusted life years and time trends from the Global Burden of Disease study 2013

Haagsma, Juanita A, Graetz, Nicholas, Bolliger, Ian, Naghavi, Mohsen, Higashi, Hideki, Mullany, Erin C, Abera, Semaw Ferede, Abraham, Jerry Puthenpurakal, Adofo, Koranteng, Alsharif, Ubai, Ameh, Emmanuel A, Ammar, Walid, Antonio, Carl Abelardo T, Barrero, Lope H, Bekele, Tolesa, Bose, Dipan, Brazinova, Alexandra, Catalá-López, Ferrán, Dandona, Lalit, Dandona, Rakhi, Dargan, Paul I, De Leo, Diego, Degenhardt, Louisa, Derrett, Sarah, Dharmaratne, Samath D, Driscoll, Tim R, Duan, Leilei, Petrovich Ermakov, Sergey, Farzadfar, Farshad, Feigin, Valery L, Franklin, Richard C., Gabbe, Belinda, Gosselin, Richard A, Hafezi-Nejad, Nima, Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi, Hijar, Martha, Hu, Guoqing, Jayaraman, Sudha P, Jiang, Guohong, Khader, Yousef Saleh, Khan, Ejaz Ahmad, Krishnaswami, Sanjay, Kulkarni, Chanda, Lecky, Fiona E, Leung, Ricky, Lunevicius, Raimundas, Lyons, Ronan Anthony, Majdan, Marek, Mason-Jones, Amanda J, Matzopoulos, Richard, Meaney, Peter A, Mekonnen, Wubegzier, Miller, Ted R, Mock, Charles N, Norman, Rosana E, Orozco, Ricardo, Polinder, Suzanne, Pourmalek, Farshad, Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa, Refaat, Amany, Rojas-Rueda, David, Roy, Nobhojit, Schwebel, David C, Shaheen, Amira, Shahraz, Saeid, Skirbekk, Vegard, Søreide, Kjetil, Soshnikov, Sergey, Stein, Dan J, Sykes, Bryan L, Tabb, Karen M, Temesgen, Awoke Misganaw, Tenkorang, Eric Yeboah, Theadom, Alice M, Tran, Bach Xuan, Vasankari, Tommi J, Vavilala, Monica S, Vlassov, Vasiliy Victorovich, Woldeyohannes, Solomon Meseret, Yip, Paul, Yonemoto, Naohiro, Younis, Mustafa Z, Yu, Chuanhua, Murray, Christopher J L, and Vos, Theo (2016) The global burden of injury: incidence, mortality, disability-adjusted life years and time trends from the Global Burden of Disease study 2013. Injury Prevention, 22 (1). pp. 3-18.

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Abstract

Background: The Global Burden of Diseases (GBD), Injuries, and Risk Factors study used the disability-adjusted life year (DALY) to quantify the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors. This paper provides an overview of injury estimates from the 2013 update of GBD, with detailed information on incidence, mortality, DALYs and rates of change from 1990 to 2013 for 26 causes of injury, globally, by region and by country.

Methods: Injury mortality was estimated using the extensive GBD mortality database, corrections for ill-defined cause of death and the cause of death ensemble modelling tool. Morbidity estimation was based on inpatient and outpatient data sets, 26 cause-of-injury and 47 nature-of-injury categories, and seven follow-up studies with patient-reported long-term outcome measures.

Results: In 2013, 973 million (uncertainty interval (UI) 942 to 993) people sustained injuries that warranted some type of healthcare and 4.8 million (UI 4.5 to 5.1) people died from injuries. Between 1990 and 2013 the global age-standardised injury DALY rate decreased by 31% (UI 26% to 35%). The rate of decline in DALY rates was significant for 22 cause-of-injury categories, including all the major injuries.

Conclusions: Injuries continue to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed and developing world. The decline in rates for almost all injuries is so prominent that it warrants a general statement that the world is becoming a safer place to live in. However, the patterns vary widely by cause, age, sex, region and time and there are still large improvements that need to be made.

Item ID: 42214
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Additional Information:

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Due to large number of creators, ID, instituion and utf-8 has only been checked for JCU affiliatied author.

ISSN: 1353-5785
Funders: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Date Deposited: 18 May 2016 00:52
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920408 Health Status (e.g. Indicators of Well-Being) @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920409 Injury Control @ 50%
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