Drinking water safety in recreational parks in northern New South Wales, Australia

Jaravani, Fidelis Godfrey, Durrheim, David, Byleveld, Paul, Oelgemoeller, Michael, and Judd, Jenni (2015) Drinking water safety in recreational parks in northern New South Wales, Australia. Australasian Journal of Environmental Management, 22 (4). pp. 432-445.

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess whether the drinking water supplies in northern New South Wales (NSW) recreational parks conformed to the recommendations of the NSW Private Water Supply Guidelines. Water supplies in 57 recreational parks were surveyed to assess implementation of the Guidelines. A random sample of five parks (excluding reticulated town water supply or rainwater) was selected for microbiological sampling over a 12-month period. Additional nine samples were collected from carted water supplies. Forty-four of the 57 water supplies were untreated. Escherichia coli was detected in 16 of 59 monthly samples. Two of 36 treated water samples showed contamination by E. coli compared to 14 of 23 untreated water samples. Three of nine carted water supplies had E. coli at initial sampling. Thirty-four supplies had warning signs posted somewhere in the park. Twenty-one drinking water tanks had evidence of physical deterioration. No supply had a risk-based drinking water management plan. Treated water supplies had lower rates of E. coli detection and presented a lower risk than untreated water supplies. Survey and sampling results indicated the need for reviewing existing water quality warning signs in the recreational parks and implementation of risk-based drinking water management plans.

Item ID: 42197
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: private water supply; national park; rainwater; microbiological water samples; warning signs
ISSN: 2159-5356
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2016 22:53
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111705 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050206 Environmental Monitoring @ 30%
03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0301 Analytical Chemistry > 030199 Analytical Chemistry not elsewhere classified @ 20%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920405 Environmental Health @ 70%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960608 Rural Water Evaluation (incl. Water Quality) @ 30%
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