Economic development and conservation of biodiversity: understanding the interface of ape conservation and industrial agriculture

Lanjouw, Annette, Hill, Catherine M., Humle, Tatyana, Laurance, Bill, McLennan, Matthew R., Phillipson, Adam, Refisch, Johannes, Sánchez, Karmele Llano, Sims, Brian, and Stewart, Christopher (2015) Economic development and conservation of biodiversity: understanding the interface of ape conservation and industrial agriculture. In: Rainer, Helga, White, Alison, and Lanjouw, Annette, (eds.) State of the Apes: industrial agriculture and ape conservation. State of the Apes, II . University of Cambridge Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 12-39.

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Tropical ecosystems sustain much of the Earth's biodiversity, provide countless natural products and services—both locally and globally—and play critical roles in the regulation of the climate and the carbon and hydrological cycles. The expansion of agriculture into tropical forest ecosystems will therefore have enormous impacts on factors such as human and animal health (Karesh et al., 2012), energy options and prices, biodiversity conservation and infrastructure (see Box 1.1). In addition, this expansion might drive, or be affected by, conflict in areas of resource scarcity. These factors all directly affect human survival and that of countless other species. The rapid expansion of agriculture is the main driver of tropical forest loss (Sodhi et al., 2010). In much of the world, such expansion is led by large-scale, industrial agriculture, although small-scale agriculture also has a significant impact in some countries, particularly those in Africa.

Item ID: 42090
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-1-107-13968-8
Keywords: apes; deforestation; industrial agriculture; roads; tropical forests; wilderness
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Date Deposited: 30 May 2016 00:38
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960899 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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