Comparative development benefits from small and large scale mines in North Sulawesi, Indonesia

Langston, James Douglas, Lubis, Muhammad I., Sayer, Jeffrey A., Margules, Chris, Boedhihartono, Agni Klintuni, and Dirks, Paul H.G.M. (2015) Comparative development benefits from small and large scale mines in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. The Extractive Industries and Society, 2 (3). pp. 434-444.

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Abstract

We assess the opportunities and threats posed by small and large-scale mining in Eastern Indonesia. Here, both activities coexist in one landscape: in the Bitung and North Minahasa Districts of North Sulawesi. Each is associated with different development pathways. Both scales of mining have been controversial and are criticized for their environmental and socio-economic impacts. Small-scale mining contributes more to the local economy encouraging local entrepreneurship but yields a lower total financial return. Large-scale mining provides better job security and safer working conditions for employees, but any benefits of capital transformation do not accrue locally. Policy should focus on the formalization of small-scale mining and pay closer attention to the impact of large-scale mining on local communities. The governance of both scales of mining would benefit from a 'landscapes approach' to negotiating conservation and development trade-offs.

Item ID: 42071
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2214-7918
Keywords: livelihoods, gold mining, small scale mining, Indonesia, large scale mining
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2015 17:31
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0914 Resources Engineering and Extractive Metallurgy > 091499 Resources Engineering and Extractive Metallurgy not elsewhere classified @ 50%
14 ECONOMICS > 1402 Applied Economics > 140209 Industry Economics and Industrial Organisation @ 50%
SEO Codes: 84 MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources) > 8402 Primary Mining and Extraction Processes of Mineral Resources > 840205 Mining and Extraction of Precious (Noble) Metal Ores @ 100%
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