Prehospital endotracheal intubation vs extraglottic airway device in blunt trauma

Kempema, James, Trust, Marc D., Ali, Sadia, Cabanas, Jose G., Hinchey, Paul R., Brown, Lawrence H., and Brown, Carlos V.R. (2015) Prehospital endotracheal intubation vs extraglottic airway device in blunt trauma. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 33 (8). pp. 1080-1083.

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Objective: The objective of the study is to compare outcomes in blunt trauma patients managed with prehospital insertion of an extraglottic airway device (EGD) vs endotracheal intubation (ETI). The null hypothesis was that there would be no difference in mortality for the 2 groups.

Methods: This is a retrospective study of blunt trauma patients with Glasgow Coma Scale score less than or equal to 8 transported by ground emergency medical services directly from the scene of injury to a single urban level 1 trauma center. Patients managed with only noninvasive airway techniques were excluded, leaving patients undergoing either EGD placement or ETI. Outcomes included in–emergency department (ED) traumatic arrest and hospital mortality. Multivariable logistic regression was used to control for the potential confounding effects of demographic and clinical variables. For all analyses, P < .05 was used to establish statistical significance.

Results: In bivariate analysis, patients managed with EGD were more likely than those managed with ETI to have an in-ED traumatic arrest (36.5% vs 17.1%; P = .005), but eventual hospital mortality did not significantly differ between the 2 groups (75.7% vs 67.1%; P = .228). After controlling for demographic and clinical characteristics, patients managed with EGD were no more likely than patients managed with ETI to experience traumatic arrest in the ED (adjusted odds ratio, 1.67; 95% confidence interval, 0.72-3.89), and there was also no difference in overall hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio, 0.912; 95% confidence interval, 0.36-2.30).

Conclusion: In this preliminary, retrospective analysis, we found no difference in overall survival among trauma patients managed with prehospital EGD and those managed with prehospital ETI.

Item ID: 41640
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1532-8171
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2015 18:23
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110305 Emergency Medicine @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences @ 100%
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