Surprise not novelty drives the hypercorrection effect

Cottrell, David, Berzinski, Mikaela, and Lodge, Jason (2015) Surprise not novelty drives the hypercorrection effect. In: Posters from the Australian Congnitive Neuroscience Conference. From: 5th Australasian Cognitive Neuroscience Society Conference, 26-29 November 2015, Auckland, New Zealand.

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Counter-intuitively, we are far more likely to remember a mistake if we were confident that our initial response was correct relative to those incorrect responses in which we have little confidence. This is the hypercorrection effect. Most explanations of hypercorrection hinge on the metacognitive mismatch between the expected outcome (our response is correct) and the actual outcome (we made an error). That is, we remember these errors because they are surprising. However, these errors have one other defining feature that might make them more memorable; they are rare. Hence hypercorrection might just be a special case of the Von Restorff effect. To distinguish between these possibilities we questioned participants on 190 common misconceptions to ensure a large number of high confidence errors but varied the feedback to manipulate the believed rate of high confidence errors. Behavioural data indicated a strong hypercorrection effect regardless of the frequency of high confidence errors. A significantly higher amplitude P3 ERP waveform was observed over central sites for high confidence errors regardless of frequency. Overall levels of autonomic arousal did not differ between conditions. We interpret these results as consistent with the hypercorrection effect resulting from the metacognitive mismatch between expectations and actual outcomes.

Item ID: 41554
Item Type: Conference Item (Poster)
Keywords: memory, hypercorrection, evoked response potentials
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Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2015 23:34
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1702 Cognitive Science > 170201 Computer Perception, Memory and Attention @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1109 Neurosciences > 110999 Neurosciences not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 100%
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