HIV and Young People: risk and resilience in the urban slum

Jones, Gary (2016) HIV and Young People: risk and resilience in the urban slum. SpringerBriefs in Public Health . Springer, Cham, Switzerland.

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Abstract

[Extract] This paper reviews the major findings regarding HIV and vulnerability. The fact is while global trends in HIV infection have diminished, some 30 years on into the epidemic, and a plethora of research that has guided policy and action, HIV remains a major threat to health and livelihood. The evidence amply demonstrates the multidimensional nature of HIV and the never static face of risk and resilience to infection and treatment uptake and the consistent vulnerability of certain groups often marginalised and disempowered. Gaps in the evidence emerge as fresh insights, and conceptual understandings develop and open up new areas of enquiry, along with global and contextualised changes in demographics and epidemiology, at the forefront of which is urbanisation and the informal slum settlement.

Sub-Saharan Africa carries the heaviest burden of HIV and takes its heaviest toll among young populations, as it has since the outset. Reflecting global trends, the continent is becoming younger. As cities in sub-Saharan Africa, and across the world, become increasingly youthful, young people are disproportionately impacted by HIV and routinely perform poorly across a wide spectrum of health indicators. As such, an association has been made between exponential urban growth and HIV infection. Young people hold the key in understanding where we are and where we expect to be in controlling global and urban epidemics, yet the least gains are being made in regard to young people, especially, concerning their sexual and reproductive health.

Item ID: 41538
Item Type: Book (Research - A1)
ISBN: 978-3-319-26814-9
Keywords: HIV; urban slums; vulnerability and risk; resilience; dignity and humiliation; self-perception; risky behaviour; Sub-Saharan Africa; Kenya
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2016 01:43
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111708 Health and Community Services @ 30%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1605 Policy and Administration > 160508 Health Policy @ 30%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1699 Other Studies in Human Society > 169999 Studies in Human Society not elsewhere classified @ 40%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920404 Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response) @ 30%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920208 Health Inequalities @ 40%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences @ 30%
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