History and recent progress on chytridiomycosis in amphibians

Berger, Lee, Roberts, Alexandra A., Voyles, Jamie, Longcore, Joyce E., Murray, Kris A., and Skerratt, Lee F. (2016) History and recent progress on chytridiomycosis in amphibians. Fungal Ecology, 19. pp. 89-99.

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Abstract

Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) emerged in the 1970s in Australia and the Americas, causing rapid and catastrophic declines and extinctions of naïve amphibian populations as it spread through remote rainforest and alpine regions. The description of chytridiomycosis in 1998 stimulated a large and diverse global research effort, including studies on phylogeny, distribution, ecology, and virulence – but mitigating its effect remains a major challenge. In 2010 a second Batrachochytrium species, B. salamandrivorans (Bsal), emerged after spreading to Europe from Asia and has decimated fire salamanders in the Netherlands and Belgium. Bsal appears to be restricted to salamanders and newts whereas Bd can infect all amphibian orders. These cases show that despite the current advanced state of globalisation, severe pathogens are still spreading and some may currently be excluded by geographic barriers, hence biosecurity still has potential to mitigate spread of undiscovered and unpredictable pathogens of wildlife.

Item ID: 41494
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1878-0083
Keywords: Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis; B. salamandrivorans; wildlife; extinction; emerging infectious disease; population decline; conservation; chytridiomycosis
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), Queensland Accelerate Fellowship, Taronga Conservation Science
Projects and Grants: ARC FT100100375, ARC LP110200240, ARC DP120100811
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2015 00:42
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070704 Veterinary Epidemiology @ 30%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0605 Microbiology > 060505 Mycology @ 30%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060307 Host-Parasite Interactions @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960805 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9604 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species > 960499 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species not elsewhere classified @ 50%
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