Investigating the impact of a clinical pharmacist on the health outcomes of a paediatric pharmacists

Robertson, Kelvin, Robinson, Niechole, Perks, Stephen, James, Rosie, Stelmaschuk, Marissa, Hart-Davie, Jane, Maltby, Sarah, Tucker, Matthew, Pell, Lindsey, MacFarlane, Kristiana, Leotta, Stefanie, Ede, Judy, Bond, Ann, Drovandi, Aaron, and Kairuz, Therese (2015) Investigating the impact of a clinical pharmacist on the health outcomes of a paediatric pharmacists. Annals of the Australasian College of Tropical Medicine, 16 (2).

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Background: Recent fiscal scrutiny and changes in health care financing have necessitated that health care providers justify a clinical and economical basis for their involvement in patient care. Although clinical pharmacists have been shown to enhance patient health outcomes and reduce costs among adult patients, the impact of a pharmacist in paediatric patient care has not been extensively documented.

Method: A team of pharmacists was established to conduct a systematic review of the literature. A title scan of papers in 5 databases was performed by 14 pharmacists using the MeSH terms Pharmacists, Medical Intervention, Paediatrics and Cost-Benefit Analysis. The underpinning research question was: "How do the professional activities of a clinical pharmacist impact the health outcomes of paediatric in-patients?" The abstracts of suitable titles were scanned and articles were read to assess relevance. Relevant articles were then evaluated independently by at least two members of the team, using critical appraisal tools suitable for quantitative, qualitative or systematic review studies.

Results: The initial search identified 327 citations which after full text review and application of the scoring tool, resulted in 12 studies included in the systematic review. The average number of interventions reported varied from study to study. Dosing recommendations, pharmacokinetics and drug allergy alerts were the most commonly recorded interventions by pharmacists for a paediatric population. Evidence from this review will be used to formulate improvements to in-patient paediatric care.

Conclusion: Clinical pharmacists have a positive impact on inpatient paediatric care.

Item ID: 41467
Item Type: Article (Abstract)
ISSN: 1448-4706
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Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2015 02:40
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1115 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences > 111503 Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920201 Allied Health Therapies (excl. Mental Health Services) @ 100%
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