Toward a surrogate marker of malaria exposure: modeling longitudinal antibody measurements under outbreak conditions

Campo, Joseph J., Whitman, Timothy J., Freilich, Daniel, Burgess, Timothy H., Martin, Gregory J., and Doolan, Denise L. (2011) Toward a surrogate marker of malaria exposure: modeling longitudinal antibody measurements under outbreak conditions. PLoS ONE, 6 (7). e21826. pp. 1-6.

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Abstract

Background: Biomarkers of exposure to Plasmodium falciparum would be a useful tool for the assessment of malaria burden and analysis of intervention and epidemiological studies. Antibodies to pre-erythrocytic antigens represent potential surrogates of exposure.

Methods and Findings: In an outbreak cohort of U.S. Marines deployed to Liberia, we modeled pre- and post-deployment IgG against P. falciparum sporozoites by immunofluorescence antibody test, and both IgG and IgM against the P. falciparum circumsporozoite protein by enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay. Modeling seroconversion thresholds by a fixed ratio, linear regression or nonlinear regression produced sensitivity for identification of exposed U.S. Marines between 58–70% and specificities between 87–97%, compared with malaria-naïve U.S. volunteers. Exposure was predicted in 30–45% of the cohort.

Conclusion: Each of the three models tested has merits in different studies, but further development and validation in endemic populations is required. Overall, these models provide support for an antibody-based surrogate marker of exposure to malaria.

Item ID: 41452
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1932-6203
Funders: United States Army Medical Research and Material Command (USAMRMC)
Projects and Grants: USAMRMC 6000.RAD1.F.A030
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2016 03:40
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110799 Immunology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 100%
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