Estimating the global conservation status of more than 15,000 Amazonian tree species

Ter Steege, Hans, Pitman, Nigel C.A., Killeen, Timothy J., Laurance, William F., Peres, Carlos A., Guevara, Juan Ernesto, Salomão, Rafael P., Castilho, Carolina V., Amaral, Iêda, de Almeida Matos, Francisca Dionízia, De Souza , Luiz, Magnusson, William E., Phillips, Oliver L., de Andrade Lima Filho, Diogenes, de Jesus Veiga Carim, Marcelo, Irume, Mariana Victória, Martins, Maria Pires, Molino, Jean-François, Sabatier, Daniel, Wittmann, Florian, Lopez, D.C., da Silva Guimaraes, J.R., Mendoza, A.M., Núñez Vargas, Percy, Manzatto, A.G., Reis, N.F.C., Terborgh, John, Casula, K.R., Montero, J.C., Feldpausch, Ted, Honorio Coronado, Euridice, Montoya, A.J.D., Zartman, C.E., Mostacedo, B., Vásquez, Rodolfo, Assis, R.L., Medeiros, M.B., Simon, M.F., Andrade, A., Camargo, José, Laurance, Susan G.W., Nascimento, Henrique, Marimon, Beatriz, Marimon, Ben Hur, Costa, Flávia, Targhetta, N., Vieira, Ima, Brienen, Roel, Castellanos, H., Duivenvoorden, J.F., Mogollon, H.F., Piedade, Maria, Aymard C., G.A., Comiskey, James A., Damasco, Gabriel, Davila, N., Garcia-Villacorta, R., Diaz, P.R.S., Vincentini, A., Emilio, T., Levis, C., Schietti, J., Souza, P., Alonso, A., Dallmeier, F., Ferreira, L.V., Neill, David, Araujo-Murakami, A., Arroyo, Luzmila, Carvalho, F.A., Souza, F.C., Amaral, D., Gribel, R., Luize, B.G., Pansonato, M.P., Venticinque, E., Fine, P., Toledo, M., Baraloto, C., Ceron, C., Engel, J., Henkel, T.W., Jiménez, Eliana M., Maas, P., Mora, M.C.P., Petronelli, P., Revilla, J.D.C., Silveira, Marcos, Stropp, J., Thomas-Caesar, R., Baker, Tim R., Daly, Doug, Paredes, M.R., da Silva, N.F., Fuentes, A., Jorgensen, P.M., Schongart, J., Silman, Miles R., Arboleda, N.C., Cintra, B.B.L., Valverde, F.C., Di Fiore, Anthony, Phillips, J.F., van Andel, T.R., von Hildebrand, P., Barbosa, E.M., de Matos Bonates, L.C., de Castro, D., de Sousa Farias, E., Gonzales, T., Guillaumet, J.-L., Hoffman, B., Malhi, Yadvinder, de Andrade Miranda, I.P., Prieto, Adriana, Rudas, Agustín, Ruschell, A.R., Silva, N., Vela, C.I.A., Vos, Vincent, Zent, E.L., Zent, S., Cano, A., Nascimento, Marcelo Trindade, Oliveira, A., Ramírez-angulo, Hirma, Ramos, J.F., Sierra, R., Tirado, M., Medina, Monica, Van Der Heijden, Geertje, Torre, E.V., Vriesendorp, C., Wang, O., Young, K.R., Baider, Claudia, Balslev, H., de Castro, N., Farfan-Rios, W., Ferreira, C., Mendoza, C., Mesones, I., Torres-lezama, Armando, Giraldo, L.E.U., Villarroel, Daniel, Zagt, R., Alexiades, Miguel, Garcia-Cabrera, K., Hernandez, L., Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, I., Milliken, W., Cuenca, W.P., Pansini, S., Pauletto, D., Arevalo, F.R., Sampaio, A.F., Valderrama Sandoval, Elvis H., and Gamarra, L.V. (2015) Estimating the global conservation status of more than 15,000 Amazonian tree species. Science Advances, 1. e1500936. pp. 1-10.

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Abstract

Estimates of extinction risk for Amazonian plant and animal species are rare and not often incorporated into land-use policy and conservation planning. We overlay spatial distribution models with historical and projected deforestation to show that at least 36% and up to 57% of all Amazonian tree species are likely to qualify as globally threatened under International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List criteria. If confirmed, these results would increase the number of threatened plant species on Earth by 22%. We show that the trends observed in Amazonia apply to trees throughout the tropics, and we predict that most of the world's >40,000 tropical tree species now qualify as globally threatened. A gap analysis suggests that existing Amazonian protected areas and indigenous territories will protect viable populations of most threatened species if these areas suffer no further degradation, highlighting the key roles that protected areas,indigenous peoples, and improved governance can play in preventing large-scale extinctions in the tropics in this century.

Item ID: 41408
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2375-2548
Keywords: tropical biology
Additional Information:

© The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC). 10.1126/sciadv.150093

Funders: Alberta Mennega Stichting, ALCOA Suriname, Amazon Conservation Association, Banco de la República, CELOS Suriname, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), CAPES (PNPG), Duke University, Ecopetrol, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Amazonas (FAMEAM), Guyana Forestry Commission, Netherlands Foundation for the Advancement of Tropical Research, Primate Conservation Inc
Projects and Grants: CNPq project project CENBAM, CNPq project project PELD D (558069/2009-6), CNPq project PRONEX-FAPEAM (1600/2006), CNPq project ), Áreas Úmidas, CNPq project MAUA PELD , CNPq project (403792/2012-6), CNPq project PPBio, CNPq project PVE 004/201, CNPq project Universal (479599/2008-4), CNPq project Universal 307807-, CNPq project 2009-6, FAPEAM project DCR/200
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2015 01:16
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960899 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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