Astronomical publications of Melbourne Observatory

Andropoulos, Jenny Ioanna (2014) Astronomical publications of Melbourne Observatory. PhD thesis, James Cook University.

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Abstract

During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, four well-equipped government observatories were maintained in Australia – in Melbourne, Sydney, Adelaide and Perth. These institutions conducted astronomical observations, often in the course of providing a local time service, and they also collected and collated meteorological data. As well, some of these observatories were involved at times in geodetic surveying, geomagnetic recording, gravity measurements, seismology, tide recording and physical standards, so the term 'observatory' was being used in a rather broad sense!

Despite the international renown that once applied to Williamstown and Melbourne Observatories, relatively little has been written by modern-day scholars about astronomical activities at these observatories. This research is intended to rectify this situation to some extent by gathering, cataloguing and analysing the published astronomical output of the two Observatories to see what contributions they made to science and society. It also compares their contributions with those of Sydney, Adelaide and Perth Observatories.

Overall, Williamstown and Melbourne Observatories produced a prodigious amount of material on astronomy in scientific and technical journals, in reports and in newspapers. The other observatories more or less did likewise, so no observatory of those studied markedly outperformed the others in the long term, especially when account is taken of their relative resourcing in staff and equipment.

Item ID: 41296
Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: asteroids; astronomical observatories; astronomical; astronomy; auroras; comets; eclipses; Melbourne; Melbourne Observatory; meteorites; meteors; moon; nebulae; newspaper articles; planets; published papers; space; stars; sun; Williamstown Observatory
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2015 04:55
FoR Codes: 02 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020199 Astronomical and Space Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 100%
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