CART analysis of environmental factors, biomarkers and gill-associated virus to predict production outcomes for farmed Penaeus monodon

Elliott, Lisa, and Owens, Leigh (2015) CART analysis of environmental factors, biomarkers and gill-associated virus to predict production outcomes for farmed Penaeus monodon. Aquaculture, 448. pp. 298-305.

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Abstract

Gill-associated virus (GAV) is a virulent pathogen of Penaeus monodon and is one of a suite of about four viruses commonly found in prawns suffering from mid-crop mortality syndrome. Although GAV can be highly prevalent and extremely pathogenic, it does not always cause disease and has been found as a chronic infection in healthy prawns. Environmental stress caused by particularly osmotic and temperature stressors can result in viral epizootics. Therefore, classification and regression tree (CART) analysis of GAV, biomarkers (heat shock protein and ubiquitin) and environmental factors was undertaken on farms to find focal points for prediction of production and management. The order of the variation and cross-validated variation explained was relatively stable with yield (80, 41% respectively), biomass (79, 53% respectively) and average body weight (73, 55% respectively) being the most accurate whilst FCR (62, 39% respectively) and survival (59, 31% respectively) were less so. The biomarkers were less useful possibly due to the time scale of measurements involved. Of interest is that the currently recommended dissolved oxygen (DO) (4 ppm) was insufficient to prevent GAV outbreaks but DO at 4.5 ppm allowed some prawns to withstand the onslaught. It is predicted that if DO was < 4.0 ppm, then salinity maintained 32.8–38.2 ppt and temperature ≤ 28.8 °C would keep mortality loss to ~10­%. Overnight pH should be kept to 7.6–7.8 by adequate buffering.

Item ID: 40673
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-5622
Keywords: CART; Classification and regression tree; Gill associated virus; Penaeus monodon; Prediction; Production
Funders: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)
Projects and Grants: ACIAR FIS/2006/086
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2015 01:58
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0605 Microbiology > 060506 Virology @ 50%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070404 Fish Pests and Diseases @ 50%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830105 Aquaculture Prawns @ 100%
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