Microalgal classification: major classes and genera of commercial microalgal species

Heimann, Kirsten, and Huerlimann, Roger (2015) Microalgal classification: major classes and genera of commercial microalgal species. In: Kim, Se-Kwon, (ed.) Handbook of Marine Microalgae: Biotechnolgy Advances. Academic Press, London, UK, pp. 25-41.

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Microalgae show enormous promise to simultaneously create industries aiming for remediation of wastewaters and producing value-adding coproducts for large nonsaturable markets, such as biofuels, biofertilizers, and biopolymers. To date, however, their commercially realized exploitation is restricted to a few strains for the production of fine chemicals, nutraceuticals, food additives, and as feed in aquaculture. Algal taxonomy has remained a mystery for applied phycologists. In this chapter, we aim to unriddle this puzzle by providing a brief overview of the difficulties of placing microalgae in a hierarchical, phylogenetically meaningful, classification scheme. The evolutionary origin of algal diversity is discussed, which explains why creating a phylogenetically meaningful classification scheme is fraught with difficulties. Finally, commercially used microalgae or those with demonstrated potential are described with a focus on their identifying characteristics. These described microalgae are then cross-linked to their remediation and bioproduct potential in the last two sections of this chapter.

Item ID: 40643
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-12-801124-9
Keywords: bioproducts, microalae industrial application, microalgae classification
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Funders: Advanced Manufacturing Co-operative Research Centre (AMCRC)
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2015 03:35
FoR Codes: 10 TECHNOLOGY > 1003 Industrial Biotechnology > 100302 Bioprocessing, Bioproduction and Bioproducts @ 30%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 30%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0607 Plant Biology > 060701 Phycology (incl Marine Grasses) @ 40%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830199 Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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