Iron isotope fractionation during supergene weathering process and its application to constrain ore genesis in Gaosong deposit, Gejiu district, SW China

Cheng, Yanbo, Mao, Jingwen, Zhu, Xiangkun, and Wang, Yue (2015) Iron isotope fractionation during supergene weathering process and its application to constrain ore genesis in Gaosong deposit, Gejiu district, SW China. Gondwana Research, 27 (3). pp. 1283-1291.

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Abstract

Fe isotope compositions of bulk samples from Gaosong ore deposit in Gejiu district, SW China were investigated and an overall variation in δ^56Fe values from − 0.33‰ to + 0.20‰ has been observed. In this study, the δ^56Fe values of primary sulfide ores are lower than the oxidized ores, while the iron isotope compositions of gossan samples, which represent highest oxidation degree, are heavier than the oxidized ore samples. These data indicate that iron isotopes experienced fractionation during supergene weathering process, furthermore, heavier iron isotopes enriched in more oxidized products. Another highlight is the Fe isotope compositions that are affected by mineralogy, which is considered as the primary mechanism of the large Fe isotopic variations in the primary ores. Enrichment of light iron isotopes in primary sulfide ores suggests that iron isotopes fractionated during fluid exsolution from its parental magma and the Fe source of skarn ores is mainly the magmatic source. This observation that significant Fe isotope fractionation occurs in supergene weathering process and fluid exsolution process provides an example in using Fe isotopes to trace supergene geochemical cycling and ore deposit formation/evolution processes.

Item ID: 40105
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1342-937X
Keywords: iron isotope fractionation; supergene weathering; fluid exsolution; ore genesis; Gejiu
Funders: National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC), Special Research Funding for the Public Benefits (SRFPB) Sponsored by MLR of China, Research Program of Yunnan Tin Group (RPYTG), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (FRFCU)
Projects and Grants: NNSFC 41302055, NNSFC 40930419, NNSFC 40921001, NNSFC 41203006, SRFPB 200911007-12, RPYTG 2010-04A, FRFCU 2-9-2010-21
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2015 02:42
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040307 Ore Deposit Petrology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 84 MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources) > 8401 Mineral Exploration > 840104 Iron Ore Exploration @ 100%
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