Nocturnal stomatal conductance and implications for modelling δ18O of leaf-respired CO2 in temperate tree species

Barbour, Margaret M, Cernusak, Lucas A., Whitehead, David, Griffin, Kevin L., Turnbull, Matthew H., Tissue, David T., and Farquhar, Graham D. (2005) Nocturnal stomatal conductance and implications for modelling δ18O of leaf-respired CO2 in temperate tree species. Functional Plant Biology, 32 (12). pp. 1107-1121.

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Abstract

Variation in the oxygen isotope composition of within-canopy CO2 has potential to allow partitioning of the ecosystem respiratory flux into above- and below-ground components. Recent theoretical work has highlighted the sensitivity of the oxygen isotope composition of leaf-respired CO2 (δRl) to nocturnal stomatal conductance. When the one-way flux model was tested on Ricinus communis L. large enrichments in δRl were observed. However, most species for which the isotope flux partitioning technique has been or would be applied (i.e. temperate tree species) are much more conservative users of water than R. communis. So, high stomatal conductance and very high enrichment of δRl observed may not be typical for temperate tree species. Using existing gas-exchange measurements on six temperate tree species, we demonstrate significant water loss through stomata for all species (i.e. statistically significantly greater than cuticular loss alone) at some time for some leaves during the night. δRl values predicted by the one-way flux model revealed that δRl might be very much more enriched than when the net flux alone is considered, particularly close to sunrise and sunset. Incorporation of the one-way flux model into ecosystem respiration partitioning studies will affect model outputs and interpretation of variation in the oxygen isotope composition of atmospheric CO2.

Item ID: 40058
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1445-4416
Keywords: leaf respiration, nocturnal stomatal conductance, Quercus rubra, stable oxygen isotope ratio
Funders: Royal Society of New Zealand (RSNZ)
Projects and Grants: RSNZ contract LCR201
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2015 01:25
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0607 Plant Biology > 060705 Plant Physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960806 Forest and Woodlands Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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