Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 risk for frontline health care workers

Marshall, Caroline, Kelso, Anne, McBryde, Emma, Barr, Ian G., Eisen, Damon P., Sasadeusz, Joe, Buising, Kirsty, Cheng, Allen C., Johnson, Paul, and Richards, Michael (2011) Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 risk for frontline health care workers. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 17 (6). pp. 1000-1006.

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Abstract

To determine whether frontline health care workers (HCWs) are at greater risk for contracting pandemic (H1N1) 2009 than nonclinical staff, we conducted a study of 231 HCWs and 215 controls. Overall, 79 (17.7%) of 446 had a positive antibody titer by hemagglutination inhibition, with 46 (19.9%) of 231 HCWs and 33 (15.3%) of 215 controls positive (OR 1.37, 95% confidence interval 0.84–2.22). Of 87 participants who provided a second serum sample, 1 showed a 4-fold rise in antibody titer; of 45 patients who had a nose swab sample taken during a respiratory illness, 7 had positive results. Higher numbers of children in a participant’s family and working in an intensive care unit were risk factors for infection; increasing age, working at hospital 2, and wearing gloves were protective factors. This highly exposed group of frontline HCWs was no more likely to contract pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza infection than nonclinical staff, which suggests that personal protective measures were adequate in preventing transmission.

Item ID: 39765
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1080-6059
Funders: National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC)
Projects and Grants: NHMRC Strategic Award 604944
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2015 04:25
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110309 Infectious Diseases @ 40%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 40%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1605 Policy and Administration > 160508 Health Policy @ 20%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920207 Health Policy Evaluation @ 50%
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