Biological reactivity of zinc oxide nanoparticles with mammalian test systems: an overview

Saptarshi, Shruti R., Duschl, Albert, and Lopata, Andreas L. (2015) Biological reactivity of zinc oxide nanoparticles with mammalian test systems: an overview. Nanomedicine, 10 (13). pp. 2075-2092.

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Abstract

Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) have useful physicochemical advantages, and are used extensively. This has raised concerns regarding their potential toxicity. ZnO NP attributes that contribute to cytotoxicity and immune reactivity, however, seem to vary across literature considerably. Largely, dissolution and generation of reactive oxygen species appear to be the most commonly reported paradigms. Moreover, ZnO NP size and shape may also contribute toward their overall nano–bio interactions. Analysis is further complicated by factors such as adsorption of proteins on the NP surface, which may influence their bioreactivity. The main aim of this review is to give a systematic overview of the postulates explaining cytotoxic, inflammatory and genotoxic effects of ZnO NPs when exposed to different types of cells in vitro and in vivo.

Item ID: 39572
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1748-6963
Keywords: apoptosis; cytokines; cytotoxicity; genotoxicity; inflammation; in vivo; reactive oxygen species; zinc ions
Funders: National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), Australian Research Council (ARC), European Union (EU), University of Salzburg
Projects and Grants: NHMRC grant no. 616621, EU project Nanovalid contract no. 263147
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2015 00:09
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110701 Allergy @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110704 Cellular Immunology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 100%
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