Integrated cross-realm planning: a decision-makers' perspective

Álvarez-Romero, Jorge G., Adams, Vanessa M., Pressey, Robert L., Douglas, Michael, Dale, Allan P., Augé, Amélie A., Ball, Derek, Childs, John, Digby, Michael, Dobbs, Rebecca, Gobius, Niilo, Hinchley, David, Lancaster, Ian, Maughan, Mirjam, and Perdrisat, Ian (2015) Integrated cross-realm planning: a decision-makers' perspective. Biological Conservation, 191. pp. 799-808.

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Abstract

Pursuing development and conservation goals often requires thinking and planning across terrestrial, freshwater and marine realms because many threats and social–ecological processes transcend realm boundaries. Consequently, effective conservation planning must consider the social and ecological links between realms and follow a cross-realm approach to allocate land/water uses and conservation actions to mitigate cross-realm threats and maintain cross-realm ecological processes. Cross-realm planning requires integrating multiple objectives for conservation and development, and assessing the potential co-benefits and trade-offs between them under alternative development scenarios. Despite progress in cross-realm planning theory, few fully-integrated and applied cross-realm plans exist. The gaps between research and implementation are not unique to cross-realm planning, but are accentuated by the complexity of spatial decision-making entailed. Based on a collaborative process including scientists, resource managers and policy-makers, we developed an operational framework for cross realm planning based on up-to-date thinking in conservation science, but offering practical guidance to operationalise real-world planning. Our approach has a strong theoretical basis while addressing the visions and needs of decision-makers. We discuss the foundations and limitations of current approaches in cross-realm planning, describe key requirements to undertake this approach, and present a real-world application of our framework.

Item ID: 39541
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-2917
Keywords: integrated cross-realm planning, integrated land-sea conservation planning, cross-system threat, cross-system ecological process, multi-objective planning, Marxan
Funders: National Environmental Research Program (NERP), Natural Resource Management Planning for Climate Change Fund (NRM Fund), Australian Centre for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (ACEAS)
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2015 02:15
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960705 Rural Land Policy @ 30%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960706 Rural Water Policy @ 40%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960701 Coastal and Marine Management Policy @ 30%
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