Mobility of early Islanders in the Philippines during the Terminal 1 Pleistocene/Early Holocene boundary: PXRF-analysis of obsidian artefacts

Neri, Leee Anthony M., Pawlik, Alfred F., Reepmeyer, Christian, Mijares, Armand Salvador B., and Paz, Victor J. (2015) Mobility of early Islanders in the Philippines during the Terminal 1 Pleistocene/Early Holocene boundary: PXRF-analysis of obsidian artefacts. Journal of Archaeological Science, 61. pp. 149-157.

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Abstract

The Philippine archipelago spans over two distinct biogeographic zones, Sundaland and Wallacea. We report in this paper on finds from Ilin Island just off the coast of SW Mindoro, and El Nido in Northern Palawan. While the island of Palawan is linked to Sundaland, Mindoro and Ilin Island belong to Wallacea, east of Huxley’s Line. Ongoing archaeological investigations at Bubog 1 Rockshelter on Ilin Island and Ille Cave & Rockshelter in northern Palawan, delivered obsidian artefacts, found in Terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene layers. PXRF analysis of the obsidian samples from Mindoro and Palawan shows that they were coming from the same, yet unknown source. They clearly indicate that the two distinct palaeogeographical regions were linked to each other, suggesting human interaction and maritime networks as early as ca. 12ka BP. The results of this study contribute substantially to our understanding of the mobility of early islanders during the Terminal Pleistocene and the processes of human island adaptation and enhance our current knowledge of subsistence strategies across the region.

Item ID: 39262
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1095-9238
Keywords: obsidian sourcing; PXRF; human migration; maritime interaction; Pleistocene/Holocene boundary; Island Southeast Asia; Philippines
Funders: University of the Philippines (UP), National Geographic (NG), Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: UP OVPAA no. 2-002-1111212, ARC DE130100046, NG Global Exploration Fund GEFNE 62-12, NG Global Exploration Fund GEFNE 129-14
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2015 03:09
FoR Codes: 21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210102 Archaeological Science @ 40%
21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210103 Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas @ 60%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950502 Understanding Asias Past @ 100%
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