Basic epidemiology of non-infectious diseases

Franklin, Richard C., and Leggat, Peter A. (2015) Basic epidemiology of non-infectious diseases. In: Zuckerman, Jane N., Brunette, Gary W., and Leggat, Peter A., (eds.) Essential Travel Medicine. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, pp. 9-22.

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Non-infectious causes of death are common among travellers, with road injury and drowning the most common injury- related causes, together with cardiovascular and other chronic diseases. From what we know about the morbidity of travellers, they experience a range of musculoskeletal, dental, and other problems whilest travelling. An understanding of the epidemiology of non-infectious diseases is just as important as our understanding of infectious disease when undertaking a travel health risk assessment and providing pre-travel health advice. Often there is limited information on the exposure to non-infectious diseases in studies of travellers' health; however, some activities, such as driving and interacting with water, potentially pose a significant risk of injury and death. One of the ongoing challenges for the travel health adviser is to convey messages of prevention to a population who are more concerned about infectious diseases. With increasing global travel, there is a greater likelihood of people becoming ill during travel due to the presence of underlying medical conditions, and this needs to be considered by not only by travel health advisers, but also by those providing the means to travel and those travelling themselves.

Item ID: 39185
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-1-118-59736-1
Keywords: epidemiology; travel medicine; non-communicable diseases; injury prevention; chronic disease; accidents; safety; drowning; road safety; risk
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2015 02:44
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920409 Injury Control @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920599 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified @ 50%
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